[53], Occupied by the Habsburgs three times (1688–1690, 1717–1739, 1789–1791), headed by the Holy Roman Princes Maximilian of Bavaria and Eugene of Savoy,[54] and field marshal Baron Ernst Gideon von Laudon, respectively, Belgrade was quickly recaptured by the Ottomans and substantially razed each time. Daily connections link the capital to other towns in Serbia and many other European destinations through the city's central bus station. [90], When the war ended, the city was left with 11,500 demolished housing units. [58], The development of Belgrade architecture after 1815 can be divided into four periods. Belgrade's location is so prized among nations that it has been fought over in at least 115 wars. [32] As the Ostrogoths left, another Germanic tribe, the Gepids, invaded the city. Colloquially, the building was also referred to as the staro zdanje, or the 'old edifice'. [104] After the Yugoslav Wars, Serbia became home to highest number of refugees and internally displaced persons in Europe, while more than third settled in Belgrade. In 1968, major student protests led to several street clashes between students and the police. [156], According Cushman & Wakefield, Knez Mihajlova street is 36th most expensive retail street in the world in terms of renting commercial space.[157]. [219] Nearby, Josip Broz Tito's mausoleum, called The House of Flowers, documents the life of the former Yugoslav president. Aimed at improving Belgrade's cityscape and economy, the project hopes to revitalise the Sava amphitheatre, a neglected expanse on the right bank of the Sava river between the Belgrade Fair and the former Belgrade Main railway station. The main ethnic groups are: Serbs (1,505,448), Roma (27,325), Montenegrins (9,902), Yugoslavs (8,061), Croats (7,752), Macedonians (6,970), and ethnic Muslims (3,996). Throughout the 19th and early 20th century, small communities of Aromanians, Czechs, Greeks, Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Turks, Armenians and Russian White émigrés also existed in Belgrade. [252] The most popular commercial broadcaster is RTV Pink, a Serbian media multinational, known for its popular entertainment programmes. [41] The city hosted the armies of the First and the Second Crusade,[42] but, while passing through during the Third Crusade, Frederick Barbarossa and his 190,000 crusaders saw Belgrade in ruins. The Serbian national team won the 2010 Davis Cup, beating the French team in the finals played in the Belgrade Arena.[250]. The smallest religions represented are Protestantism at .2%, Asian religions such as Buddhism and Hinduism at .02%, and Judaism at a minuscule .02% of the overall population. Ada Ciganlija is a former island on the Sava River, and Belgrade's biggest sports and recreational complex. Between 1850 and 1875, new architecture was characterised by a turn towards the newly-popular Romanticism, along with older European architectural styles. Elite neighbourhood of Dedinje is situated near the Topčider and Košutnjak parks. Beovoz was the suburban/commuter railway network that provided mass-transit services in the city, similar to Paris's RER and Toronto's GO Transit. Belgrade has an extensive public transport system consisting of buses (118 urban lines and more than 300 suburban lines), trams (12 lines), trolleybuses (8 lines) and S-Train BG Voz (6 lines). Belgrade is the most important media hub in Serbia. There is a lot of diversity within Belgrade, but the primary ethnicity in the city remains the Serbs. [43] [158] 750,550 people are employed(July 2020)[138] in 120,286 companies,[139] 76,307 enterprises and 50,000 shops. [47] As the city presented an obstacle to the Ottoman advance into Hungary and further, over 100,000 Ottoman soldiers[48] besieged it in 1456, in which the Christian army led by the Hungarian General John Hunyadi successfully defended it. ", "ac beograd – american corners in serbia", "City of Belgrade Cultural Centers and Organizations", "Hellenic Foundation for Culture – Belgrade Branch", "Istituto Italiano di Cultura di Belgrado", "О Русском Доме – Русский Дом в Белграде", "Serbian ballad wins Eurovision Song Contest – Belgrade hosts in 2008", "NEDA KOVAČEVIĆ: Nek učini svako koliko je kadar, pa neće narod propasti", "From the history of the National Museum in Belgrade", "Art gathers dust as Serbia museums kept shut", https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/09/arts/design/fall-art-exhibitions-louvre-leonardo-brancusi-kara-walker.html, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/25/arts/design/marina-abramovic-the-cleaner.html, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFH1BYUjmMA, "Lična karta Muzeja ratnog vazduhoplovstva", "Cultural institutions: Museum of African Art", "Action programme 2006 for Serbia: Support to the Yugoslav Film Archive", "New Depository for the Yugoslav Film Archive's treasure", "Najbolje, u Muzeju 25. maj – SEEcult.org Portal za kulturu jugoistočne Evrope", "Политика Online – Од Стаљина сабља, а од астронаута каменчићи с Месеца", "Seventh Belgrade triennial of world architecture", "Potrebno uložiti 1,6 milijardi evra u energetsku efikasnost", "Za godinu dana više od 50.000 operacija", https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2020/feb/08/10-of-the-coolest-neighbourhoods-in-europe-paris-berlin-rome, "Prirodno dobro "Veliko ratno ostrvo" stavljeno pod zaštitu Skupštine grada", "Beogradu od turizma gotovo pola milijarde evra", "Vesti online / Slobodno Vreme / Putovanja / Nikad više turista: Beograd najviše vole Turci i Hrvati", https://www.blic.rs/vesti/beograd/u-beograd-je-tokom-2019-brodom-doputovalo-100000-turista-najvise-nemaca-i-amerikanaca/ljq0n92, "Belgrade's Nightlife Floats on the Danube", "Sport and Recreation (Sport Centers and Halls)", "Tipsarevic sends Serbia into first Davis Cup final", "The University of Belgrade – The Seedbed of University Education", "Železnice Srbije – Red voznje za Beovoz i BG:VOZ", "1. faza prve deonice Unutrašnjeg magistralnog poluprstena", "Regionalni centar putničkog i kargo saobraćaja", "www.beg.aero | Nikola Tesla Belgrade Airport | News", "Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport among fastest growing in Europe", "Gradonačelnici Beograda i Ljubljane potpisali sporazum o bratimljenju dva glavna grada", "Official portal of City of Skopje – Skopje Sister cities", "Potpisan sporazum o bratimljenju Beorgada i Šangaja", "Kazakhstan, Serbia agree to cooperate on air communication", "Tehran, Belgrade sign agreement to boost ties", "Belgrade – City of the Future in Southern Europe", Institutional seats of the European Union, Memorial Museum of Nadežda and Rastko Petrović, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Belgrade&oldid=988428382, Populated places established in the 3rd century BC, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Instances of Lang-sr using second unnamed parameter, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 03:00. [105][106][107][108], After the 2000 presidential elections, Belgrade was the site of major public protests, with over half a million people on the streets. [201] The institution also operates the Museum of Yugoslav Film Archive, with movie theatre and exhibition hall. In the first phase, which lasted from 1815 to 1835, the dominant architectural style was still of a Balkan character, with substantial Ottoman influence. In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottomans and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo. [220] During summer there are between 200,000 and 300,000 bathers daily. [8] The motorway system provides for easy access to Novi Sad and Budapest to the north, Niš to the south, and Zagreb to the west. The area that Belgrade occupies has a long and colorful history, and it has seen through all three Crusades - though the city was in ruins during the Third Crusade. Three municipalities (Zemun, Novi Beograd, and Surčin), are on the northern bank of the Sava in the Syrmia region and the municipality of Palilula, spanning the Danube, is in both the Šumadija and Banat regions. Belgrade is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Europe and the World. The neighbourhood of Mirijevo is considered to be the most successful project of fixing the problem. Habsburg Monarchy 1717–1739 Other 29 places are biodiversity sites. [95] Josip Broz Tito died in May 1980 and his funeral in Belgrade was attended by high officials and state delegations from 128 of the 154 members of the United Nations from both sides of the Iron Curtain, based on which it became one of the largest funerals in history. Serbia's de facto independence dates from this event. [87], Just like Rotterdam, which was devastated twice by both German and Allied bombing, Belgrade was bombed once more during World War II, this time by the Allies on 16 April 1944, killing at least 1,100 people. Dragutin (Hungarian: Dragutin István) is regarded as the first Serbian king to rule over Belgrade. [210], The oldest public structure in Belgrade is a nondescript Turkish türbe, while the oldest house is a modest clay house on Dorćol, from late 18th century. [70], The first-ever projection of motion pictures in the Balkans and Central Europe was held in Belgrade in June 1896 by André Carr, a representative of the Lumière brothers.

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